A property that belongs to four generations of a single family and is undivided is known as an ancestral property. It is gained from ancestors, as opposed to a self-acquired property that is bought through one’s hard-earned money.

Real estate is now one of the most expensive assets, making it a source of conflict among families. In India, there exist restrictions on when people can use and sell their ancestral property.

Before the legal amendment in 2005, only sons were permitted to inherit these lands, but now even females are permitted an equal portion.

ancestral property

Here are some key facts about ancestral property.


  1. Share in the ancestral property
  2. Selling ancestral property
  3. Who manages
  4. Ancestral property after partition

1. Share in the ancestral property –

Based on the number of co-owners, a person’s portion of the ancestral property is calculated. The property received from a forefather has equal rights for both sons and daughters. However, the father’s self-acquired property is excluded from this rule. The portion of each generation and your place in the family tree establish your rights over ancestral property.

2. Selling ancestral property –

ancestral property sale

Anyone with a share of an ancestral property may sell it. But first, he or she must obtain ownership of the property in order to sell it. Additionally, a co-owner cannot sell a joint property without the consent of the co-heirs owner’s or other family members.

3. Who manages –

The family head (Kartha) has complete authority over the management of the family’s assets before partition. However, each member gets his/her rights to manage affairs in the property after partition of such partition. 

ancestral property manage

4. Ancestral property after partition –

After the inherited property has been divided, each member’s share will become his or her own self-acquired property.


Note that- 

A legal notice can be sent to claim a portion of the ancestral property if an heir is not given one. If it doesn’t work, he needs to bring a civil court partition suit. In the event that the property has been sold by another co-owner, you are entitled to a portion of the proceeds. Jains, Sikhs, and Buddhists must adhere to the same laws surrounding the purchase and selling of ancestral estates in India as other religious groups.

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